The history of mosquito control and window screens

The history of mosquito control and window screens

Window screens help reduce mosquito malaria.  Recently I have become very concerned with home owners and renters!  They have made a senseless decision to remove their window screens from their homes or apartment building windows. Just to save a couple of bucks!  You may ask: why am I so concerned with this?  Let me state that window screens will facilitate in saving many lives!  Window screens serve as a crucial function!  Let me share a couple of things that I actually discovered in my analysis.  It all has to do with flying insects (primarily mosquitoes) and the diseases they carry. For example diseases like the Zika Virus, Malaria, & West Nile Virus.

I am going to provide a short history lesson.

Ancient Times

Mosquitoes have been around since the start of life on earth.  They have been alive since the Triassic period 400,000,000 years ago.  Best-known to be disease carrying insects.  Originated in Africa, Malaria is one among many ancient, deadly diseases.  It was acknowledged in writing by the Chinese around 2700 BC, and by the Sumerians in 1700 BC.  Malaria is translated as “bad air” in Italian.  The Romans believed it was caused by the foul smelling marshes around Rome.  Marshes were drained to eliminate smell and also sickness.  Therefore, they never recognized that it was the breeding ground for the dipterous mosquitoes carrying malaria.

American History

In America up till 1845, Florida was inhospitable to live in because of mosquitoes.  Henry Flagler engineered the railroad so that the wealthy will begin building vacation homes in the state.  The developers would drain the neighboring marshes to eradicate the pests. They would use fans and bed netting to shield themselves from the nighttime insects.

Additionally, the window screen or insect screens was first created in the middle 1800’s. Although it’s not clear what company or individual started making screens first.  There are several references of woven wire for window screens and advertisements which appeared in 1823 and 1836. These insect preventing window screens weren’t proprietary within the U.S. for quite a while until the year 1900 once several design patents were awarded for the unique specifications and innovations.

screen door from early 20th century

Swinging Screen Door in 100 year old photo

Malaria was once a major problem within the U.S. and because of it, the National mosquito Extermination Society was founded in 1903 and later turning into the American Mosquito Control Association also known as the AMCA in 1948. Throughout this era of time the AMCA lead the country with mosquito control by the of insecticides, window screening, air conditioning, and preventive education which have proved to basically eliminate the disease Malaria.

Worldwide

Just because we’ve had good success in the U.S., doesn’t mean that the problem doesn’t exist elsewhere.  The American Mosquito Control Association states on their web site that “Mosquitoes cause more human suffering than any other organism.  Over one million people worldwide die from mosquito-borne diseases every year.” in addition to this number, mosquitoes transmit further diseases to dogs, horses, and birds.  All of the diseases include;

1905 Mosquito Conference

1905 Mosquito Conference

 

  • Malaria
  • West Nile Virus
  • Lymphatic Filariasis
  • Dog Heartworm
  • Chikungunya
  • Yellow Fever
  • Eastern equine encephalitis
  • St. louis encephalitis
  • Western equine encephalitis

Jimmy Carter

I initially learned of this by hearing former President of the United States, Jimmy Carter speaking regarding this subject at my daughter’s school many years ago.  He and his spouse Former first lady Rosa Lynn Carter had developed a relationship with the school and we were very lucky to have had them visit two times.  I additionally learned about all the great works they have done, organizations they have developed and still pursue together with Habitat for Humanity and the Carter Center.

Carter Center

According to the Carter Center, in 2008 there have been roughly three hundred and fifty to five hundred million cases of malaria reported  worldwide and a million individuals were killed annually, most of them being kids.  Over six year of providing medical treatment for the disease and the distribution of over seven point six million insecticide treated bed nets since 2004.  Malaria presently kills an estimated six hundred fifty five thousand people every year, mostly children, with about two hundred and fifty million cases of the disease reported worldwide. Roughly 80 % of all cases and 90 % of all Malaria deaths occur in Africa, where one child in ten dies before the age of five from the illness.Jimmy Carter speaking at SGHS

Another disease, lymphatic Filariasis is noted as a leading cause of permanent and long term disability worldwide. Roughly a hundred and twenty million folks are infected and one point one billion are in danger of infection.  Its cause are thin worms transmitted to humans by mosquito bites in tropical and sub-tropic regions.  The worms cause blockage in the lymphatic system causing fluid collection in tissues of the legs or genitals, severe swelling, and fever from bacterial infections. Long term infection is an unalterable condition referred to as elephantiasis.

Eradicating worldwide disease

Thank goodness for the Carter’s efforts in eradicating these diseases worldwide.  Please keep in mind that the employment of insecticides and screening / screens are the winning effort pursued by the Carter Center.  Let’s not forget that thanks to the efforts of the many individuals, we currently have window screens and air conditioning in our homes that keep mosquitoes out.  Please don’t remove your screens.  If there’s a hole in one of them; go right down to your local hardware store to repair it or get a do it yourself kit.  You’ll be able to additionally call a handyman or an organization like Best Custom Screens to re-screen it.  If the screen is bent beyond repair then let’s order you a replacement screen. They’re more cost-effective then many folks think.

It’s our goal to supply homeowners and building owners with window screens and screen doors that may keep the interior of the buildings free of mosquitoes and unwanted flying insects. Essentially as proven in this article, providing a much better quality of life.